북극의 사냥꾼 - 에스키모 Eskimo Hunters in Alaska ①/④

이누이트(이누크티투트어: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, 사람)는 알래스카 주, 그린란드 캐나다 북부와 시베리아 극동에 사는 원주민이다.

미국에서는 알래스카의 극권에 사는 이누이트계 여러 부족들과, 유픽을 가리지 않고 에스키모라고 부르지만[2], 캐나다에선 이누이트를 퍼스트 네이션, 메티와 함께 독립적인 캐나다 원주민의 하나로서 법적 지위를 부여하고 있으며 일반적으로 이누이트라는 명칭을 사용한다. 누이트들은 에스키모라는 이름에 비하의 뜻이 담겨있다고 생각하여 자신들을 에스키모라고 부르지 말아달라고 하고 있다

Inuit (pronounced /ˈɪnuːɪt/ or /ˈɪnjuːɪt/; Inuktitut: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and the United States. Inuit is a plural noun; the singular is Inuk. The Inuit languages are classified in the Eskimo-Aleut family.

In the United States, the term "Eskimo" was commonly used to describe Inuit, and other Arctic peoples, because it includes both of Alaska's Yupik and Iñupiat peoples while "Inuit" is not proper or accepted as a term for the Yupik. No collective term exists for both peoples other than "Eskimo." However, Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Greenland view the name as pejorative, so "Inuit" has become more common. In Canada, sections 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982 named the "Inuit" as a distinctive group of Aboriginal Canadians who are not included under either the First Nations or the Métis.

The Inuit live throughout most of the Canadian Arctic and subarctic in the territory of Nunavut; "Nunavik" in the northern third of Quebec; "Nunatsiavut" and "NunatuKavut" in Labrador; and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean. These areas are known in Inuktitut as the "Inuit Nunangat". In the United States, Inupiat live on the North Slope in Alaska and on Little Diomede Island. The Greenlandic Inuit are the descendants of migrations from Canada and are citizens of Denmark, although not of the European Union.

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